Using data URIs in PHP

I'm currently working on a JavaScript application that relies upon the HTML Canvas Element's toDataURL function to transfer the canvas' image data to my PHP API. However finding little functionality in PHP for dissecting/constructing data URIs I decided to write my own PHP class for handling them.

You can find a link to the class below, along with some examples of how to use it.

Download

View the DataUri PHP class on my GitHub account.

The DataUri class should not be used for validation! I developed it for convenience, not security.

Usage examples

Below are a number of examples showing how the DataUri class can used for reading and constructing data URIs.

  • Data URI to image

    The main reason for creating the class. Below shows how the class can be used to parse a data URI containing image data - in my case it was a data URI produced by the HTML Canvas Element's toDataURL() function.

    $inputValue =
      'data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhFwAQAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAAAAAAA'.
      'LAAAAAAXABAAAAI3DIKJp73vHEvgMGsgpuviXUXNJImdGJpqWW3Zc1FfBo'.
      'agdsJGu0fk6gMKhzjOrEQz9kbFWFJRAAA7';
    
    // Parse data URI string
    $dataUri = null;
    if(DataUri::tryParse($inputValue, $dataUri)) {
    
      // Attempt to decode URI's data
      $data = false;
      if($dataUri->tryDecodeData($data)) {
    
        // Create and output image
        $image = imagecreatefromstring($data);
        if ($image !== false) {
          header('Content-Type: image/gif');
          imagegif($image);
          imagedestroy($image);
        }
      }
    }
  • Image to data URI

    Easily convert an image to a data URI, which in this instance is being used for an Image element.

    $fileContents = file_get_contents('./open_rights_group_logo.png');
    
    if($fileContents !== false) {
      $dataUri = new DataUri(
        'image/png',
        $fileContents,
        DataUri::ENCODING_BASE64
      );
    
      echo '<img src="'.$dataUri->toString().'" alt="Open Rights Group logo" />';
    }
  • Font to data URI

    Use the DataUri class to easily generate a data URI to store a font-face in CSS.

    $fontFile = file_get_contents('./MyFont.ttf');
    $dataUri = new DataUri('font/opentype', $fontFile, DataUri::ENCODING_BASE64);
    
    echo <<<EOT
    @font-face {
        font-family: "My Font";
        src: url("{$dataUri}");
    }
    EOT;